Welcome to Madeira
Madeira is a tropical island with amazing scenery, wonderful beaches and quaint villages. The Laurisilva Forest, in the Madeira Natural Park, is the largest evergreen forest in the world - a fact that has earned it classification as a world heritage site. Elsewhere the exotic flowers and fruits compete with one another in their variety and colour. The island of Madeira has a number of hotels and resorts offering a wide variety of spa treatments designed to help you relax and feel good. The spas are set in luxuriant surroundings of rich vegetation and gardens - be they in the countryside or in the city of Funchal, up in the mountains or down by the sea. Funchal is the capital of Madeira and is a beautiful historic city with cobbled streets, cafes, bars and museums.
Most people have heard of the Portuguese island of Madeira, but not many know exactly where it is. Located more than 600 miles (966km) southwest of Lisbon, and off the west coast of Morocco, it is a mere speck in the vast Atlantic Ocean. Madeira, along with its sister island of Porto Santo, is actually the summit of an undersea mountain, rearing up with craggy cliffs from the warm blue Gulf Stream waters in one of the deepest parts of the Atlantic. It features one of the world's highest ocean cliffs, soaring 1,933ft (589m) above the sea, which presented a forbidding sight to the ancient Portuguese mariners who first discovered the island archipelago in the 15th century. In fact Porto Santo and Madeira were the first 'new worlds' that were colonised by Henry the Navigator in his quest to explore the world.
Madeira is tiny, just 13 miles (21km) wide and 35 miles (56km) long, and has no beaches, but it does have an Eden-like beauty with its rich volcanic soil having turned it into a botanical wonderland and agricultural treasure house. Most of the indigenous thick forest was destroyed in a fire created by the first Portuguese colonialists to clear it for farming. Today however, the fragrant island blooms with colourful masses of orchids, bougainvillea, frangipani, wisteria and geraniums. Fruit and herbs grow in profusion on the hillsides and in ravines, and the mountain slopes are terraced with orchards and vineyards. The island has been termed a 'floating garden'.
Madeira's most famous export is its fortified wine, and with nearly 14,000 plots, there is a variety to try. Vineyards like Fajã dos Padres and Silva Vinhos offer tours and tastings, and the Funchal Wine Walk is a good way to get a taste of this historical delicacy without leaving town.
Madeira is accessible by air, mainly from Lisbon to the airport near the capital, Funchal. There is no regular passenger ferry to Madeira but cruise ships regularly dock here, bringing thousands of visitors to the island each year.
Information & Facts
Madeira Island has a varied oceanic sub-tropical climate, influenced by its geographical position and mountainous landscape, but generally the weather is pleasant year-round. The hottest months in Madeira are August and September, while January and February have the highest rainfall.
Within the capital city Funchal, it is easy to get around using public transport. Buses cover the city as well as out into the surrounds and are the cheapest, but slowest, form of transport, but for day trips a rental car is best. Guided tours are also offered to tourist attractions outside the city. Taxis are available in Funchal.
Portuguese is the official language, but English is widely spoken and understood.
Portugal is a member of the European Union and its official currency is the Euro (EUR), which is divided into 100 cents. There are numerous banks, bureaux de change and ATMs available in main cities and tourist destinations. Foreign currency can be exchanged at banks, bureaux de change and automatic currency exchange machines. Banking hours are generally 8.30am to 3pm Monday to Friday. Major credit cards are widely accepted, as are travellers cheques.
Local time is GMT (GMT +1 from last Sunday in March to Saturday before last Sunday in October).