Information & Facts
Romania has a myriad of sightseeing attractions on offer.
Visitors can marvel at medieval villages and castles such as
Brasov. Other popular Romania tourist attractions include
Sighisoara as well as the Peles and Bran Castles. Bucharest's
National History Museum, Stavropoleos Church and Monastery and the
Palace of Parliament will keep visitors enthralled for hours, while
tourists should definitely include the Village Museum on their list
of things to do in Romania. The museum offers visitors a walk back
in time with the multitude of open-air exhibits on display. Finally
a trip to Romania would not be complete without a visit to the
beautiful UNESCO Heritage sight of the Painted Monasteries.
Business can be quite bureaucratic and old-fashioned. The
country adheres to an imbedded hierarchical structure and often it
is the eldest who receive the most respect in business and social
meetings. It is important to address each person according to their
title followed by their surname; 'Domnul' for Mr. and 'Doamna' for
Mrs. Romanians prefer a face-to-face approach and like to
strengthen personal relationships. Appointments should be made in
advance and confirmed. Although the visitor is expected to be
punctual the host may be late to arrive. Meetings are often quite
formal and a general 'Western' set of old-world manners applies.
Business suits are appropriate for meetings. Romanians dislike an
overt display of achievement or exaggerated conversation. Business
hours are generally 9pm to 5pm Monday to Friday with an hour taken
Romania has a temperate climate with four distinct seasons.
Spring and autumn are cool and pleasant, making May and June, and
September and October the best months to visit. Summers are hot
from July to August and winters are harsh and very cold between
December and March, with snow falling throughout most of the
country. Spring and summer are the wettest seasons, but rain can be
expected throughout the year.
The direct dialling country code for Romania is +40, and the
outgoing code is 00, followed by the relevant country code (e.g.
0044 for the UK). There are numerous area codes applying to cities,
towns and villages, for example (0)21 for Bucharest. The country is
well covered with GSM 900/1800 mobile phone networks. Email and
Internet are widely available in the cities and larger towns.
Homosexuality, although legal, is frowned upon. A small and
still largely closeted gay scene exists in the Romania's largest
cities, particularly in Bucharest, which has a few gay clubs.
Photography at airports is forbidden.
Travellers to Romania do not have to pay duty on either 200
cigarettes, 40 cigars or 200g of tobacco. 2 litres of liquor, 4
litres of beer or wine and gifts to the value of US$1000 are also
duty free. Valuable goods, such as jewellery, art, electrical items
and foreign currency should be declared on entry.
Electrical current is 220 volts, 50Hz. Two-pin
European-style plugs are standard.
Travelling within Romania is relatively easy provided the more
remote areas are not on your itinerary. Romania has an extensive
road and rail network connecting the larger towns and cities as
well as connecting it with neighbouring countries. Travellers going
to Romania should remember that they're in Eastern Europe, the
trains won't always run on dead on time and the roads are slightly
dilapidated, but the government is investing large sums of money on
upgrading the country's transport infrastructure. Bucharest has a
great metro system connecting all areas of the city.
Medical facilities in Bucharest are good, but poor in the
smaller towns and basic medical supplies are often in short supply.
There is a reciprocal health agreement with the UK and most EU
countries, whose citizens are entitled to free or low-cost
emergency medical treatment on presentation of a European Health
Insurance Card (EHIC), but travel health insurance is strongly
advised. There have been a number of Hepatitis A cases in Romania
and visitors are advised to seek medical advice about inoculations
before travelling. Tap water is safe to drink, although bottled
water is widely available. Stray dogs carry rabies and should be
avoided. Cases of Avian bird flu have been reported in the country,
but no human incidences have been reported. The risk for travellers
is very low, but visitors should avoid any contact with domestic,
caged or wild birds and ensure that eggs and poultry dishes are
Romanian is the official language, but English will be
understood in Bucharest and other tourist areas.
The Leu (RON) is the official currency, which is divided into
100 bani. Money may be exchanged at banks, international airports,
hotels or authorised exchange offices called 'casa de schimb' or
'birou de schimb valutar'. ATMs are available at large banks,
airports and shopping centres in cities. American Express,
MasterCard and Visa are accepted in the main cities. Travellers
cheques, preferably in Euros, can be cashed in large banks, some
hotels and certain exchange offices in Bucharest but commission is
high. It is recommended to travel with some Euros in cash in case
of difficulty using credit cards or travellers cheques. US Dollars
are also accepted fairly widely.
All passports must be valid for period of intended stay.
Visitors must hold all documents required for further travel,
onward or return tickets, sufficient funds for period of stay, and
proof of reserved accommodation. It is highly recommended that
passports have at least six months validity remaining after your
intended date of departure from your travel destination.
Immigration officials often apply different rules to those stated
by travel agents and official sources.
Visitors should take normal safety precautions in Romania; keep
valuables safe and be aware of pickpockets and scam artists in
major cities. Corruption is rife and visitors should be cautious of
policemen demanding fines for spurious offences, or asking to see
documents as a way of stealing cash; if approached in this way
visitors should offer to go with them to the nearest police station
before handing over any money or documents. Valuables, including
passports, should not be left in hotel rooms, or near the window of
a hotel room when you are there.
Local time is GMT +2 (GMT +3 between the last Sunday in March
to the Saturday before the last Sunday in October).
Tipping is becoming increasingly common in Romania, and is now
expected in all restaurants and bars. A service charge is often
included in restaurant bills but a further 5 to 10% tip is
expected. Though it is not always necessary to tip them, taxi
drivers can be rewarded for good service.