Quebec - Abbey Travel, Ireland



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Welcome to Quebec


The huge province of Quebec occupies the eastern part of Canada, with coasts on the North Atlantic, Hudson and James Bays, and the Lawrence Seaway (the major shipping channel of the east coast which cuts through the south of the province). The major cities of Quebec and Montreal are both situated in the more populated south on the St Lawrence River.

The province has a wide variety of landscapes, climatic regions and vegetation, and therefore numerous different and distinct tourist attractions, routes and getaways to offer. In the most northerly reaches the wilderness prevails covered by thick forests and clear lakes. This gives way to the snowy mountains of the Laurentians, popular resort country, while down south is the urban sprawl of Canada's French-speaking cities and rolling pastures of the farmlands. Quebec has 22 national parks and a variety of natural landmarks, including Montmorency Falls outside of Quebec City and the Gaspé Peninsula on the St Lawrence River.

Quebec has a uniquely French flavour, remaining the only North American region to preserve its Francophone identity. In Quebec French is the official language and is spoken by more than 80 percent of the population. For decades the province has been dogged by political battles regarding secession, but currently moves to turn Quebec into a sovereign state have been put on the back-burner in favour of concentrating on economic development.

Information & Facts


Covering such a huge area the climate of Quebec has wide temperature variations. In the south, where most of the population lives, the weather is continental, with four seasons varying from hot summers (June to August) to cold, snowy winters and lots of rain. The central region has longer colder winters and shorter cooler summers, while the far north experiences a severe Arctic climate with a freezing winter and continuous permafrost. Winter can vary from five months in the south to eight months in the north, averaging between 14º and -13ºF (-10ºC and -25ºC).

The official languages are English and French (predominantly in Quebec).

The currency used is the Canadian Dollar (CAD), which is divided into 100 cents. One-dollar coins are also known as loonies (due to the picture of a loon, a type of bird, on the coin), and two-dollar coins as toonies. Banks and bureaux de change will change money and travellers cheques, as will some hotels, but the rate will not be as good. Major credit cards are widely accepted and ATMs are plentiful. US Dollars are largely accepted, though due to fraud, larger notes might not be and change is usually given in Canadian dollars.

GMT -5 (GMT -4 from the second Sunday in March to the first Sunday in November).
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